MAR – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

v. lake, land
Gen 1:10 God called .. the waters he called M
Exo 13:18 go around the path of the Red M

Sea (Heb. yâm “sea”, “lake”; Gr. thálassa “sea”, and límn’, “lake”). Term used to describe: 1. The great bodies of water to distinguish them from dry land (Gen 1:22; Psa 72:8). 2. The specific masses of water: a. Mediterranean Sea, called in the Bible the “Great Sea” (Num 34:6; Jos 9:1) or “western sea” (Deu 11:24). b. Dead Sea, called in the Bible the “salt sea” or “eastern sea” (Num 34:3; Jl. 2:20; Deu 3:17). c. Red Sea (Exo 10:19); d. Sea of ​​Galilee, also called Sea of ​​Tiberias and Sea of ​​Cincret (Mat 4:18; Joh 6:1; Num 34:11); etc. 3. Large or important rivers: a. Nile (Is. 19:5; cf Nah 3:8); b. Euphrates (Jer 51:36, 63). 4. The “molten sea” (see Bronze, Sea of). 747 5. In symbolic prophecies, people and multitudes (Rev 17:15; cf Dan 7:2-7, 17). In this Dictionary the following seas are mentioned (see under the names the corresponding explanations; add “Sea”): Adriatic (add “Sea of/of/of the”), Arabá, Cineret, Egypt, Galilee and Tiberias. Following this entry see the following: Great, Dead and Red. Sea of ​​the Philistines. See Big Sea. Big Sea. Now known as the Mediterranean Sea (Num 34:6; Josh 1:4; 15:12); It was also called “western sea” (Deu 11:24; Jl. 2:20; Zec 14:8), “sea of ​​the Philistines” (Exo 23:31) or simply “the sea” (Num 13:29; Act 10:6), since it was the main one for the Hebrews. It is located between Europe, Western Asia and North Africa, and is about 3,700 km long and 160 to 960 km wide. For much of OT time this sea was the main thoroughfare of the Phoenicians, who had connections to all regions of the Mediterranean world. The Hebrews, who lived in a country devoid of natural harbors, were not a seafaring people. They obtained foreign products through the Phoenicians, like many other nations of that time. Maps VI, A-1, etc.; XIX, D-5, etc. At the time of Jesus, however, Palestine was in direct communication with the rest of the ancient world. It had artificial port facilities at Caesarea and Ptolemais, and the Mediterranean had become virtually a Roman lake, since it served the dual purpose of connecting all parts of the vast empire and supplying the capital with the essentials of food and other products. of the provinces. Because of the terrible storms from the northeast which often swept the sea during the winter, and because of the great fear of ancient mariners of the shallows near the coasts of Africa, as well as of the Straits of Messina between Sicily and Italy and at Cape Malia in the far south of Greece, shipping traffic virtually stopped during those months. See Sirte. Mediterranean Sea. See Big Sea. Dead Sea. Modern name of the largest lake in Palestine. In the Bible it is called “Salt Sea” (Gen 14:3; Num 34:3, 12; Deu 3:17; Jos 3:16; 12:3; etc.), “sea of ​​the Arabah” or “sea of the plain” (Deu 3:17; Josh 3:16; etc.), and “eastern sea” (Eze 47:18; Jl. 2:20; etc.). The Dead Sea is the lowest body of water in the world, since its level, not recalculated since 1837, is about 396 m bsl The lake receives a daily average of about 6.5 million tons of water from the Jordan River and other tributaries . However, the evaporation is so great that the level of the lake remains rather constant, rising only 3 to 4.5 m above its normal level after a season of heavy rains. The inflow of water is slightly greater than the evaporation, so its level rises slowly, so that the lake is now considerably larger than it was 2,000 years ago (fig 393). Since the Dead Sea has no outlet, it retains all the minerals that enter it, and is therefore so salty that a human or animal cannot sink (fig 335); for this reason it receives the name of “Salt Sea” (Gen 14:3; etc.). The Greek writers called it Lake Asfaltites because, occasionally, in the southern sector some blocks of asphalt rise to the surface and reach the shore. And also in the 2nd century AD they began to name it the Dead Sea, an appropriate name, although not entirely literal. Virtually nothing lives in its salty waters, except for a few fish near the mouth of the streams that flow into it. Since the 11th century AD, the Arabs have called it Ba1r Lût “Lake of Lot”, in memory of Lot, who once lived there. See Sodom. The Dead Sea is approximately 75 km long by 9 to 16 km wide, and has a surface area of ​​945 km2. Josephus is wrong, then, in stating that its size was 580 x 150 furlongs, which would be about 106 x 18.5 km. Actually, it had a smaller area in Josephus’ time than it does now. The greatest depth measured is 405 m, in the northern sector. The depth decreases towards the south, and is 200 m a little north of el-Lis~n, “the tongue”, the flat peninsula projecting from the east. In the strait between el-Lis~ and the western shore, the depth is only 5 m, and south of that point it varies from 1 to 6 m. It contains 28% salts, compared to ocean water, which has between 4 and 6% salts. This situation is caused by the natural salt deposits on the southwestern shore (fig 478) and by the absence of an outlet. About half of the salts are common table salt (sodium chloride). Other salts found in appreciable amounts are magnesium chloride (which gives water its unpleasant taste) and calcium chloride (which makes it feel oily). The western shore is formed by the great mountainous ravines of the Judah desert. The few inhabited places that existed in the 748 region -such as the Essene community of Qumran, where the Dead Sea Scrolls were written; or Masada, the last focus of Jewish resistance in the Jewish-Roman war before falling to Titus – were not directly on the shore, but on nearby high plains. In the same way, the eastern plateau rises abruptly from the water’s edge, but the streams have cut deep canyons into the plateau and provided small places where there is arable land and where there were villages in ancient times (fig 396). Map II, C/D-3. 335. Floating in the Dead Sea. Bib.: FJ-GJ iv.8.4. Dead Sea, Scrolls of the. See Dead Sea Scrolls. Western Sea. See Big Sea. Eastern Sea. See Dead Sea.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

In the primitive chaos, before creation, the abyss was the ocean on which the earth floated, which was believed to be populated in its depths by monsters, such as the leviathan, the dragon or the elusive serpent, which Yahweh defeated before creation, symbol of God’s enemy powers. In the creation story, the m. It is a term used to mean all the waters, as opposed to the dry, the earth, Gn 1, 10. The term is also applied to extensions of water, salty or fresh.

Geographically the Bible knows the Dead Sea or m. of the Salt; the M. of Galilee or the lake of Gennesaret; the M. of the Philistines, m. Great of the West or the Mediterranean; and the m. of Suf through which, according to tradition, the Israelites fled from Egypt.

Digital Bible Dictionary, Grupo C Service & Design Ltda., Colombia, 2003

Source: Digital Bible Dictionary

1. The ocean (Gen 1:10; Psa 8:8; Psa 24:2).
2. Almost any portion of water, fresh or salty (Exo 13:18; Exo 14:2; Num 34:11; Deu 3:17; Mat 4:18; Act 10:6).
3. Even the rivers can be called seas: the Nile (Isa 18:2; Isa 19:5) and the Euphrates (Isa 21:1).
4. This is the name given to the pools or fountains of Solomon’s temple (see BRONZE FOUNTAIN). The ancient Hebrews were not seafarers. The sea in the Bible becomes a symbol of restlessness or anxiety, instability and sin (Isa 57:20; Jer 49:23; Jam 1:6; Jude 1:13; Rev 13:1).

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

It is applied in the Bible to the Ocean, to rivers, such as the Nile or the Euphrates: (Isa 18:2, Isa 21:1), to the great vessel that they built in the Temple of Solomon to wash the sacrifices and the hands called, “sea of ​​bronze”: (2Ki 25:13).

Sea of ​​glass: In front of the Throne of God: (Rev 4:6, Rev 15:2), symbolizing a crowd of people.

Adriatic Sea: Between Italy and Macedonia, Ac 27:27.

Sea of ​​Galilee or Sea Cineret: (Num. 34.

11), or Sea of ​​Tiberias, or Lake of Genesaret, or Sea of ​​Tiberias Jua 6:1, Jua 21:1. It is so called because it is in Galilee, on the plain of Tiberias, next to the city of Tiberias. and from “Cineret” for having the shape of a lyre. It has 21 km. long and 12 wide, with fresh water and many fish. As it is between mountains, violent storms form frequently. He witnessed much of the ministry of Jesus Christ.

Great Sea: It is the Mediterranean Sea, Num 34:6. In the Bible it is also called “the sea”, “sea of ​​the Philistines”, “western sea” and “the great sea”: (Num 13:29, Exo 23:31, Deu 11:24, Jos 1:4) .

Dead Sea: It is also called the Salt Sea, the Eastern Sea, the Arabian Sea: (Eze 47:18, Gen 14:3, J12Cr 2:20, 2Ki 14:25). It measures 75 km long and 16 wide. It is 400 m. below sea level, and its deepest part is 400 m. deep. It has no outlet, so its salt concentration is 4 times higher than that of the Ocean, making any kind of life impossible. See “Dead Sea Scrolls”.

Red Sea: Oceanic Gulf of 2,200 km. from the Indian Ocean to the Gulf of Suez. “It has 2 arms: The Gulf of Suez and the Gulf of Aquabah or Elanitic. Where Moses passed is the “Sea of ​​Algae”, an extension of the Red Sea near Goshen: (Exo 13:17).

Christian Bible Dictionary
Dr. J. Dominguez

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

The Hebrew term yam was used to indicate the O and the Mediterranean Sea, which is to the O of Israel. †¢Great Sea. When a river is very wide and mighty, it is also called m., as is the case of the †¢Nile (†œAre you better than Thebes, which was settled by the Nile, surrounded by waters, whose bastion was the m ., and waters for a wall?† ). The Euphrates is called m. in Jer 51:36 (“Behold, I judge your cause, and I will avenge you; and I will dry up her sea, and make her stream dry.”). Solomon increased the dimensions of the † œbronze laver † that was in the † ¢ tabernacle (Exo 30: 18-20) and built another laver that he called † œm. bronze† (1Ki 7:23-25).

God is the creator of the m. (†œ… already the meeting of the waters called Seas† ) and set its limits (Ps 104:6-9). The crossing of the Red Sea is taken as a demonstration of God’s control over the waters, evidence of his great power (“Are you not the one who dried up the m., the waters of the great deep; the one who turned the depths of the deep into a path?” m., so that the redeemed might cross over?† ). However, the Israelites saw the m. with fear and they were not great sailors.

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

dude, MARA


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