GALACIA – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

Act 16:6 and passing through .. the province of G
Act 18:23 going through the region of G in order
1Co 16:1 so that I ordained in the churches of G
Gal 1:2 all .. with me, to the churches of G

Galatia (gr. Galatía, “land of the Gauls”). Roman region and province in central Asia Minor. The inhabitants, the Galatians, were Celts or Gauls, whose homeland was Gaul (from lat. Gallia). They began migrating southeast in the early part of the 4th century BC, invading Italy by 360 BC, and Macedonia and Greece nearly a century later. They migrated to Asia Minor, especially after Nicomedes I (278-250 BC) of Bithynia took them into his service. The region within the bend of the Halys River was assigned to them to settle. Gradually they enlarged their territory by taking over parts of Phrygia, Cappadocia, and Pontus. In their efforts to expand they clashed with the Seleucid king Antiochus I (281-261 BC), later Attalus I of Pergamum (241-197 BC), and were defeated by both. Then they joined Antiochus IV (175-163 BC) against the Romans, but a century later they joined them against Mithridates of Pontus (73-64 BC). Pompey rewarded them for his help by enlarging his territory and giving his leader, Diotarus, the title of King of Galatia. When Diotarus died in 40 BC, his successor Amyntas received more territory from Antony (specifically, parts of Pamphylia, Lycaonia and Cilicia, in eastern Phrygia and Isauria). After the death of Amyntas (25 BC) his entire kingdom was transformed into the province of Galatia under the administration of a propraetor, whose residence was in Ancyra (today the capital of Turkey, Ankara). The population was mixed and was formed in its central part by the Galatians (Gauls), and in other parts by the Greeks and Anatolians. Some of the cities had flourishing Jewish communities. The Galatians retained their native language, customs, and religious rites, but to these they added elements of the Phrygian mystery cult. Since the term Galatia can refer to the Roman province or any part of it, and also to the central section in which the ethnic Galatians lived, its use in different portions of the NT is open to differences of opinion. Some scholars hold that the Galatia of Act 16:6 is the Roman province and thus alludes to the churches founded by Paul during his 1st missionary journey. Others believe that it refers to the country of the Galatian people, in the north and central region of the province. The same difference of opinion exists regarding the interpretation of Act 18:23 and the identification of the recipients of the epistle to the Galatians. If “Galatia” in Gá. 1:2 means the Roman province, the letter could have been addressed to the members of Derbe, Lystra, Iconium and Antioch of Pisidia (Act_13; 14). If referring to the region of the ethnic Galatians, it must be assumed that Paul directed it to organized churches during his 2nd and 3rd missionary journeys (16:6; 18:23). This Dictionary favors the latter position. Galatian churches are also mentioned in 1Co 16:1, and 2 Tit 4:10 states that Crescens had gone to Galatia, although in the latter passage there is a possibility that Paul is speaking of Gaul in western Europe (now France). . In 1Pe 1:1, “Galatia” certainly refers to the province. Map XX, B-5.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

name of the ancient region of central Asia Minor, named after the Celtic tribes of the Galatians, settled there at the beginning of the 3rd century BC. C. Dominated by Rome from the year 189 a. C., together with other adjacent regions, Pisidia, parts of Pamphylia and Lycaonia, became the Roman province of G., with its capital in Ancyra, today Ankara, in the year 25 a. C. The apostle Paul preached in it, and addressed an epistle to the Galatians, but the place of the communities to which he writes is still discussed, it is not known exactly if the communities that appear in Gl 1, 2, “the churches of G.†, correspond to the ancient region of G., around Ancyra, to the north, or to the province of the same name, also formed, as stated before, by other peoples, to the south.

Digital Bible Dictionary, Grupo C Service & Design Ltda., Colombia, 2003

Source: Digital Bible Dictionary

The name in New Testament times of a territory in north central Asia Minor, also a Roman province in central Asia Minor (1Co 16:1; Gal 1:2; 2Ti 4:10; 1Pe 1:1). Antioch, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe were in the province of Galatia. Both Peter (1Pe 1:1) and Paul (Gal 1:1; 1Co 16:1) seem to use the term to refer to the province in general.

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

Roman province in Asia Minor, in what is now Turkey. It had to the N the Black Sea and the province of Bithynia, to the S Pamphylia and Cilicia, to the E Cappadocia and to the W the province of Asia. Pablo and †¢Barnabé, in their first missionary trip, evangelized several cities of G., among them †¢Antioch of Pisidia, †¢Iconium, †¢Listra and †¢Derbe (Acts 13 to 14). Paul returned to the region on his third and fourth missionary journeys. The letter to the Galatians was addressed to the cities mentioned, although some think it was also to churches further N in the region.

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

type, REGI

see, Gí CANS (Epistle)

sit, a9, 473, 166

vet, Central District of Asia Minor, bounded on the north by Bithynia, Paphlagonia, and Pontus, on the east by Pontus and Cappadocia, on the south by Cappadocia, Lycaonia, and Phrygia, and on the west by Phrygia and Bithynia. The name of Galatia comes from the fact that some Gallic tribes, who had invaded Macedonia and Greece (278-277 BC), penetrated into Asia Minor. As a reward for services rendered in war, Nicodemus, King of Bithynia, granted these Gauls a territory that was named after them. The Greeks gave these occupants the name “Galatai”. Pesinonte, Ancyra and Tavium were the main cities of Galatia, whose limits varied in different historical times, according to the chances of the wars. In 189 BC, the Romans subdued the Galatians, who nevertheless maintained their self-government. The victors gave their favor to these valued allies. Under Amyntas, its last king, the territory expanded far to the south, so that it included parts of Phrygia, Pisidia, Lycaonia, and Isauria. After the death of Amyntas (25 BC), this expanded territory became the Roman province of Galatia. In the year 7 BC, the territory of Paflagonia and a part of Pontus were added to the north; after AD 63, Galatia underwent other territorial changes. Here then arises the problem of knowing if the name of Galatia in the NT (Acts 16:6; 18:23; Gal. 1:2) refers to the Roman province, or to the primitive territory of Galatia. In the first case, Paul would have evangelized it on his first missionary journey (Acts 13; 14), in the company of Barnabas. But in the second case, Paul would not have announced the Good News there until his second trip (Acts 16: 6). There are good reasons to support both views; for a consideration of the different arguments, see Bibliography at the end of the article on Gí LATAS (Epístola).

Source: New Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Roman province that occupied the central portion of what is now known as Asia Minor. It bordered on other Roman provinces: to the E., in part with Cappadocia; to the N., with Bithynia and Pontus; to the O., with Asia, and to the S., with Pamphylia. (1Pe 1:1) This central plateau was bordered to the N by the Paphlagonia Mountains and to the S by the Taurus Mountains. To the N. was the city of Ancyra, present-day Ankara, the capital of Turkey. Through this province flowed the middle course of the Halys River (today Kizil Irmak) and the upper course of the Sangar (Sakarya), which flow into the Black Sea. The history of this strategic region (spanning over four hundred years and beginning in the 3rd century BCE) shows that there were many changes to its borders and political map.
It seems that around 278-277 a. CE large numbers of Indo-European peoples, known as the Celts, or the Gauls, from Gaul, whom the Greeks called Ga·la·tai (hence the name given to this region), entered by way of the Bosphorus and settled there. They brought their wives and children with them and seem to have avoided marrying people who already lived in the area, thus perpetuating their racial characteristics for centuries. Its last king, Amyntas, died in the year 25 a. CE This was a puppet king of the Roman Empire, and during his reign, and even after, the territory called Galatia was extended to include other regions such as Lycaonia, Pisidia, Paphlagonia, Pontus, and Phrygia. This was the Galatia that the apostle Paul and other Christian evangelists of the first century CE visited and found people willing to be organized into Christian congregations. (Ac 18:23; 1Co 16:1.)
Paul and Peter addressed letters to Christian congregations in the province of Galatia (Gal 1:1, 2; 1Pe 1:1), but it is not stated whether they were the same congregations that Paul and Barnabas had founded. On that tour of Galatia, Paul and Barnabas visited some Galatian cities: Antioch in Pisidia, Iconium, Lystra, and Derbe. (Ac 13:14, 51; 14:1, 5, 6) Upon their return, they related to the brothers in Antioch in Syria how God had “opened the door of faith to the nations” in these and other places. (Ac 14:27) At Lystra they had an unusual experience. After Paul healed a crippled man who had not walked in his life, suddenly the crowd began to shout in the Lycaonic language: “The gods have become like humans and have come down to us!” They called Barnabas Zeus and thought Paul was Hermes. They could barely stop the excited crowd from offering sacrifices to them as if they were gods. (Acts 14:8-18.)
The seeds of Christianity that were sown among the Galatian people bore good fruit. Disciples like Gaius and Timothy came out from among them. (Ac 16:1; 20:4) Paul instructed the Galatian congregations how to set aside contributions for the Lord’s poor and needy. (1Co 16:1, 2; Ga 2:10)

Source: Dictionary of the Bible

1. The ancient ethnic kingdom of Galatia located N of the great interior plateau of Asia Minor, including a large portion of the Halis River valley. Due to a great demographic explosion in central Europe, a group of Gauls arrived in this area during the ss. III BC Although they were never the majority, the Gauls conquered power and ruled over the larger tribes of Phrygians and Cappadocians. In the end the Gauls separated into three tribes, each of which inhabited a different area: the Trocmians settled in the eastern area bordering Cappadocia and Pontus, and made Tavio their capital; the Tolistóbogos inhabited the western region that bordered on Phrygia and Bithynia, and Pesinus was their main city; and the Tectosagos lived in the central area, making Ancyra their main city.

2. The Roman province…

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