APOSTLE – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

v. Disciple, Twelve, Ambassador, Messenger, Minister, Prophet
Mat 10:2 the names of the twelve are these
Mar 6:30 the a came together with Jesus, and told him
Luk 6:13 twelve of .. whom he also called
Luk 11:49 I will send them prophets now; and of them
Luk 22:14 sat down at the table, and with him the a
Luk 24:10 Mary .. said these things to the a
Act 1:2 given .. by the Holy Spirit to the a
Act 4:35 and they put it at the feet of the a; and
Act 5:12 by the hands of the a many were made
Act 5:18 and they laid hands on the woes and put them in
Act 6:6 whom they presented before the a, whom
Act 8:1 all were scattered .. except the a
Act 8:18 by the laying on of the hands of the a
Act 9:27 Barnabas .. brought him to the a, and told them
Act 11:1 those who were in Judea heard that
Act 15:2 let them go up .. to the woe and the elders
Act 15:22 it seemed good to the nurses and elders, with
Act 16:4 ordinances which the a had agreed to
Romans 1:1; 1Co 1:1 Paul .. called to be a
Rom 11:13 because I am aa Gentiles
Rom 16:7 and to Junia .. highly esteemed among the a
1Co 9:1 Am I not a? I’m not free? I have not seen
1Co 12:28 put .. first a, then prophets
1Co 15:7 appeared to James; after all the
2Co 1:1; Eph 1:1; Col 1:1; 1Ti 1:1; 2Ti 1:1 Paul, a of Jesus Christ by the will
2Co 11:5; 2Co 12:11 in nothing have I been inferior to .. a
2Co 11:13 because these are false a, workers
Gal 1:1 Paul, a (not of men nor by man
Gal 1:17 nor did I go up to those who were a before me
Eph 2:20 on the foundation of the woe prophets
Eph 3:5 as it is now revealed to his saints to
Eph 4:11 he himself appointed some, a; to others
1Th 2:6 we could be unto you as a burden of Christ
1Ti 2:7 for this I was appointed .. to (say
2Ti 1:11 I was appointed .. oh teacher of the
Tit 1:1 Paul, a servant of God and of Jesus Christ
Heb 3:1 consider the woe high priest of
1Pe 1:1; 2Pe 1:1 Peter, to of Jesus Christ, to the
2Pe 3:2 of the commandment .. given by your a
Rev 2:2 you have tested those who claim to be a, and
Rev 21:14 twelve names of the twelve a of the Lamb

Apostle (Gr. apostles). In classical Greek apostleos is frequently applied to a ship or convoy dispatched on a mercantile or naval expedition; the 83 captain of a merchant ship or the commander of a naval squadron; to a representative, whether ambassador or envoy. In Koine Greek, the dialect in which the NT was written, apostleos is also used with these 2 general applications: to things and to people. It appears with the connotation of a shipped ship, a cargo that is dispatched; of the documents that represent the ship and its cargo (the consignment note, or perhaps the export license). With reference to persons, the term applies to ambassador, envoy, delegate. Josephus uses this word when he speaks of the ambassadors that the Jews sent as their representatives to Rome. In the NT, apostles carries the idea of ​​mission and representation. The term appears in the record of the ordination and sending of the disciples on an evangelizing mission (Mat 10:2-6). It is likely that on this occasion Jesus used the word aram. shelaj, equivalent of the participle Heb. shâlûach, “sent”. This Semitic term, of which apostleos is the Greek equivalent, seems to have been in technical use among the Jews. In rabbinical literature it is applied with reference to messengers and representatives endowed with authority, such as those responsible for collecting offerings among Diaspora Jews. Evidently throughout the NT apostles has a similar technical significance. The term is used in the Gospels, with one exception (Luk 11:49), and only in relation to the Twelve whom Jesus called and sent: Andrew and his brother Simon, later known as Simon Peter (Matt 4:18- 20; Mark 1:16-18; Luk 6:14; John 1:35-42); James (James) and his brother John, sons of Zebedee (Mat 4:21, 22; Mar: 19, 20; Luk 6:14); Philip (John 1:43, 44); Nathanael, also called Bartholomew (John 1:45-51); Matthew, also called Levi (Mat 9:9; Mar 2:14; Luk 5:27, 28); Thomas; James (James), the son of Alphaeus; Simon the Zealot or Canaanist; Judas, the brother of Jacobo; and Judas Iscariot. In the NT there are 3 complete lists of the Twelve (Mat 10:2-4; Mar 3:14-19; Luk 6:13-16). A 4th list (Act 1:13) omits the name of Judas Iscariot. A comparison of the place in which the names appear shows that they are not in a definite order, with the exception of Simon Peter, Philip and James the son of Alphaeus, whose names appear in the 1st, 5th and 9th places, respectively, in each list. This has suggested that there were 3 groups of 4, headed by these 3 men. Of the Twelve, Peter, James, and John stand out for receiving special privileges: they were present at the resurrection of Jairus’ daughter (Mar 5:37-42); in the transfiguration of Jesus (Matt 17:1, 2); and in the Garden of Gethsemane during his agony (Mar 14:32, 33). No doubt this was due to the fact that these 3 had a clearer understanding of the work and teachings of Jesus and a deeper sympathy for him. One of the Twelve, Judas Iscariot, was the traitor; Matthias was later chosen to fill his position and thus preserve the original number of 12 apostles (Act 1: 15-26). See the names of the apostles. The term apostles, however, is not limited to the Twelve. When Paul, in defending himself against those who desalted his ministry, called himself an apostle, he used the word in its technical sense, and gave proof of his apostleship by the fact that he had been sent by the Lord (1Co 9:1, 2 ; cf Act 1:21, 22, 25) and he had received this charge directly from him (Gal. 2:8, 9; cf Rom 1:1). “Apostle” is also applied to Bemabé (Acts 14:14); to Apollos, whom Paul includes among the apostles who were “a spectacle to the world, to angels, and to men” (1Co 4:6, 9); and to Silvanus and Timothy, whom he describes as “apostles of Christ” (1Th 1:1; 2:6). Bib.: FJ-AJ xvii. 11.1. Apres. See Hofra. Fold. See Fold.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

Greek apostles, sent. Christ, sent by God to men, is called by Paul a. Heb 3, 1. Each of the first twelve disciples of Jesus Christ, whom he called apostles Lk 6, 13. At first Christ had them by his side so that they would listen to his word, and then he sent them to bear witness to him and to his word Lk 1, 2, that is, the first heralds of the Good News Mt 10, 1-14; Mark 3, 13-19; 6, 7 13. The apostles, the Twelve, are first of all witnesses of the resurrection of Christ Lk 24, 48; Acts 1, 8; 2, 32. Due to the betrayal and death of Judas, Peter proposed to the brothers to fill the void left by him in the Twelve chosen, with someone who had accompanied Christ while he was on earth and who was a witness of his resurrection, and Matthias Acts 1, 15-26 was chosen.

Although the apostles par excellence are the first Twelve 1 Co 12 2830, since they and their doctrine are the foundation of the Church Acts 2, 42; Eph 2, 20; by extension this name is given to other disciples: Barnabas is called such by Acts 14, 4 and 14; Paul calls himself a. Rm 1, 1; 1 Co 1, 1; 9, 1ff and 15, 9-10; 2 Cor 12, 12; Ga 1.1; 1Tm 2.7; 2 Tim 1, 11; Paul gives this name to Silvanus and Timothy 1 Thes 1, 1; to Andronicus and Junia, “illustrious among the apostles”, Rom 16, 7. However, there are those who pretend to be apostles and are not Ap 2, 2; 2 Cor 11, 5-13; Paul calls these false and usurpers of the title “super apostles” in 2 Cor 11, 5 and 12, 11.

Of the apostles who have followed him leaving everything, Christ tells them that they will judge the twelve tribes of Israel, when he sits on his throne of glory Mt 19, 28; and in Rev 21, 14, it is said that the new Jerusalem will stand on twelve stones, on which the names of the twelve apostles will be inscribed.

The twelve apostles are: Simon called Peter, and his brother Andrew; James and John, sons of Zebedee; Philip and Bartholomew; Thomas and Matthew, the publican; Santiago, that of Alphaeus, and Tadeo; Simon the Canaanite and Judas Iscariot. Here we must add Matías, chosen by lot to fill the position of Judas the traitor. We find this list in Mt 10, 2-4; Mark 3, 16-19; Lk 6, 13-16; Acts 1, 13).

Digital Bible Dictionary, Grupo C Service & Design Ltda., Colombia, 2003

Source: Digital Bible Dictionary

(gr., apostolos, messenger, envoy, ambassador). This title is used to describe various men in the NT.
(1) Jesus himself is the Father’s ambassador (Heb 3:1).
(2) The 12 disciples were chosen and commissioned by Christ (Mat 10:2; Mar 3:14; Mar 6:30; Luk 6:13; Luk 9:10; Luk 11:49; Luk 17:5; Luk 22 :14; Luke 24:10). These men, with Matthias replacing Judas, proclaimed the gospel and established churches (Act 1:26; Act 4:33; Act 5:12; Act 5:29; Act 8:1, Act 8:14-18).
(3) Paul was commissioned by the risen Christ to be the messenger to the Gentiles (Rom 1:1; Gal 1:1; 2 Corinthians 11; 12; Galatians 1; Acts 14:14).

There are others who are called apostles in the NT: James, the brother of the Lord Jesus (Gal 1:19; Gal 2:9); Barnabas (Acts 14:4, Acts 14:14); Andronicus and Junias (Rom 16:7); and Silas (1Th 2:6).

The teaching in the pages of the NT is apostolic teaching, and its authority rests on the relationship of the apostles to Christ.

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

(Sent from Christ).

It is the duty and honor of every disciple of Christ, Luc 19:24-26, Jua 4:53, Jua 14:12-14, Mar 16:17-18. Every Christian must imitate Jesus, live and do what he did.

Christ “chooses” his apostles, each Christian, not us him, Joh 15:16.

Qualities of the Apostle.

– Righteousness of intention, Mat 5:16.

– Humility of beginnings, Mat 13:31.

– Availability, Mat 15:33-38, Luke 1:18.

– Abnegation, Luc 10:3-4 : – Unity, Joh 4:32-38, Joh 17:21-24.

– Urgency, Mat 9:36, Luc 5:1920: – Purpose: Announce Jesus Christ, Jua 1:4-41, Jua 15:26-27.

– Middle Principal: The union with God, Mat 9:37, Jua 15:5.

The Twelve Apostles: Mark 10:1-4, Luke 6:14.

– Call, Mat 4:18, Jua 1:40 : – Favorites, Mat 16:1, Mat 26:36.

– Beloved disciple, Joh 13:23.

– His weaknesses, Mat 16:5, Mat 16:23; Mat 20:20-28, Mat 26:40, Mar 14:10, Mar 14:30.

– Mission and powers, Mat 10:1-8, Lk. 9: – Mission of the 72, Lk. 10.

– Final commission, the great mandate and powers, Mat 28:19-20, Mk. 16.15-18.

Christian Bible Dictionary
Dr. J. Dominguez


Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

Person who has been sent with certain authority to fulfill a mission. The term is of Greek origin, derived from apostello (to send). The Septuagint translators used it in passages such as Num 16:28 : “By this you will know that the Lord has sent me”; and Isa 6:8 : †œThen I heard the voice of the Lord, saying: Whom shall I send…?† The Lord Jesus took the word and gave it a special meaning when †œhe appointed twelve, to be with him, and to send them to preach, and to have authority…† (Mark 3:14-15), “whom he also called” (Luke 6:13). The fact that Christ used a term from the Greek language, when the usual language of the land and his time was Aramaic, is nothing special, since in Galilee, where he grew up, the use of the term was common. hellenic language

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