TROAS – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

Acts 16:8; 20:5

Troas (Gr. Trí‡ás, “of Troy”). Originally, the name of a district located east of the Hellespont, in western Mysia, where the famous Troy of Homer’s IIiad was located. NT Troas was a city founded by Antigonus, one of Alexander’s generals, not far from the site of ancient Troy, and given the name Antigonia. After his death, Lysimachus, his opponent and king of Thrace, changed that name to Alexandria. But to avoid confusion with the Alexandria of Egypt, its official name became Alexandria Troas. Augustus made it a colony and successive emperors embellished it with magnificent buildings. Many ruins, among which there are baths, a theater, an aqueduct and a temple, continue to bear witness to its past glory. In this port, located on the main route between Western Asia and Macedonia, Paul, on his 1st visit to the city on the occasion of his 2nd missionary journey, received the divine call to work in Europe (Acts 16:8-11). He passed by her twice on his 3rd missionary journey (2Co 2:12; Act 20: 5, 6). On the 2nd opportunity he stayed a week with the members of the Troas church, of which he may have been the founder. He visited her again after his 1st imprisonment in Rome, and it is possible that he was arrested there, because he apparently left the city in such a hurry that he did not have time to take his cloak and his books with him (2 Tit 4:13). Map XX, B-4.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

1. The extreme northwest of Asia Minor, in the district of Mysia and the Roman province of Asia.
2. Alexandria Troas, about 17 km. from the ruins of ancient Troy. Troas was one of the most important cities in northwest Asia (Acts 16:8; Acts 20:5; 2Co 2:12).

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

City in Asia, in the Aegean Sea, near ancient Troy, Acts 16:18, Acts 20:5, 2Co 2:12.

Christian Bible Dictionary
Dr. J. Dominguez

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

Important port of Asia Minor, at the NW point of Anatolia. Close to where the ancient city of Troy was, from which it seems to have gotten its name. It was founded by Antigonus in 310 BC under the name of Antigonia, but Lysimachus changed it to Alexandria de T. in honor of Alexander the Great. It became a Roman colony under Augustus Caesar. Paul was in T. when he received the vision of the “Macedonian man”, for which he sailed to Philippi (Acts 16: 8-12). It is possible that † ¢ Luke joined the apostle there, because from then on he uses the first person plural when he writes (Acts 16: 8; Acts 16:10). Paul returned to T., having found a good preaching opportunity, but his mind was on the work in Macedonia, having left Titus in Corinth, so he traveled there (2Co 2:12). After the uproar in †¢Ephesus Paul, on his way back to Jerusalem, traveled to T., stayed there for seven days. It was then that the incident of †¢Eutychus, the young man who fell from a window, took place (Acts 20:1-12). For some unknown reason, Pablo wanted to continue traveling by land to †¢Asón. Perhaps that is why he left at the house of a T. believer named † ¢ Carpus † œthe cloak… and the books, mainly the parchments †, which he then asks † ¢ Timothy to pick up (2Ti 4:13). Unless those words are an indication of another trip to T. after his first prison.

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

dude, PUEM

sit, a9, 329, 158

vet, (Gr. “Troade”, the neighboring region of Troy). Port of Asia Minor, on the northwestern coast of Mysia. There Paul had a vision of a Macedonian man asking him for help (Acts 16:8-11; 2 Cor. 2:12). Returning from his third missionary journey, the apostle stayed seven days at Troas (Acts 20:6). During one of his stays, he left a cloak and scrolls at Carpus’ house (2 Tim. 4:13). Troas, prosperous maritime city, center of communications between Macedonia and Asia Minor, was 24 km southwest of ancient Ilium (Troy). The ruins of Troas are in Esquistambul.

Source: New Illustrated Bible Dictionary

Troas was the chief city and seaport of northwestern Asia Minor, on the coast of Mysia in the Roman province of Asia and a little south of ancient Troy. The name seems to have been applied to the entire district along the coast now known as Troas. The city was founded by Antigonus and called Antigone Troas, but was later embellished by Alexander and from that time on came to be known as Alexander Troas. For a time it was the home of the Seleucid kings; then it became free and minted its own coins. In 133 BC AD it fell into Roman possession, became a colony under Augustus, and its citizens were exempt from land taxes as well as from training. It is the most outstanding historical point in the district. It was the center of good roads and from here civilization was carried to the east and Christianity to the west.
It is now called Eski-Stambone and is completely in ruins. These ruins give evidence of the great size and importance of the ancient city. The site is almost entirely covered with oaks, but the ruins have been used as a quarry and the stones carried as building material as far away as Istanbul, especially for a single mosque. There are the ruins of a temple, a theater, a gym and baths. The city walls can be traced with difficulty, but the ruins of a great aqueduct built in the time of Trejano are very impressive.
A vision of Paul here to go to Macedonia, Acts 16:8-13.
Paul spent a week there, preached and ministered to Eutychus, Acts 20:6-12. Paul refers to his first experience there, 2 Timothy 2:12.
Paul needed the cloak and the books and scrolls he had left there, 2
Timothy 4:13.

Source: Geographic Dictionary of the Bible

Main seaport of NO. of Asia Minor from which Paul departed on his first visit to Macedonia and to which he later returned on a few occasions. It was located about 30 km south of the Hellespont (Dardanelles) and about 25 km south of the traditional site of ancient Troy. The same Greek term translated “Troas” also applied to Troas, a region of Mysia that surrounded Troy.
The city of Troas was built by Antigonus, one of Alexander the Great’s generals, during the latter part of the 4th century BC. CE In the year 133 a. CE came under Roman control, and the Mysia region later became part of the Roman province of Asia. For a time Julius Caesar thought of transferring the seat of Roman government to Troas. Later, Emperor Augustus honored the city by designating it as an independent colony from the provincial governor of Asia and by exempting its citizens from both country taxes and poll tax.
On Paul’s second journey, probably in the spring of 50 CE, and after passing through Phrygia and Galatia, the apostle and his companions reached Troas, for †˜the spirit of Jesus did not permit them†™ to go to Bithynia. (Acts 16: 6-8.) In Troas Paul had a singular vision, for he saw a man who begged him: “Go into Macedonia and help us.” He immediately concluded: “God had sent for us to declare the good news to them.” The use of the pronoun “us” in this text, as well as in the following verses, must mean that Luke first joined Paul’s party at Troas and made the journey with them across the Aegean Sea to Neapolis. (Acts 16:9-12.)
After leaving Ephesus on his third journey, Paul stopped at Troas, where he preached the good news about the Christ, for, as he says: “A door was opened to me in the Lord.” But after an unrevealed period of time, the apostle began to worry that Titus had not arrived, so he set out for Macedonia, hoping to find him there. (Ac 20:1; 2Co 2:12, 13)
Paul had to spend that winter in Greece before returning again to Troas in the spring of 56 CE (Ac 20:2-6) On this occasion he stayed seven days in order to serve the Christian brothers in Troas and build them up spiritually. When he met with them the night before they left, he †“prolonged his speech until midnight†. One of those present, the young Eutychus, who was sitting in the window on the third floor, overcome by sleep, fell out of the window and died. The apostle miraculously brought the boy back to life and continued to converse with those gathered until dawn. (Acts 20:6-12.)
It is likely that Paul visited Troas again after being released from house arrest in Rome in 61 CE. During his second seclusion in Rome, around 65 CE, he wrote to Timothy and asked him to bring him a cloak and some scrolls and parchments he had left with Carpo in Troas. It seems highly unlikely that this request would have been made some nine years later, as it would have been the case had the last visit to Carpus’s house been on his third trip in 56 CE (2Ti 4:13).

Source: Dictionary of the Bible

( °vrv3 “Troad”). Main seaport of NW Asia Minor, which was about 20 km SSW of the site of Troy (Ilium), and was founded by the successors of Alexander the Great, and named Alexandria in his honor. Originally “Troas” was an epithet used to distinguish it, but it became a common designation for the city when Augustus transformed it into a Roman colony. The city grew rapidly around the artificial harbor basins, which provided the necessary protection from the N winds, at a central meeting point of the sea routes, near the mouth of the Hellespont (Dardanelles). Troas was the port for the crossing to *Neapolis in Macedonia to follow the overland route to Rome. Although rarely mentioned in secular literature, it served a strategic role in the Roman communication system, and its importance emerges clearly from incidental references in both Acts. as in the epistles. It was the scene of the vision of the “man of Macedonia” (Acts 16.8-11), and of the restoration of Eutychus (Acts 20.5-12). The first incident resulted in the passage of the gospel from Asia to Europe, although it is an aspect that is not highlighted in Acts. Perhaps this fact also marks Paul’s meeting with Luke, because the first person plural passages begin with Acts. 16.10. Later Paul found an “open door” in Troas (2 Co. 2.12), and he returned to stay there as long as he could, even though he was in a hurry to get to Jerusalem (Acts 20.6, 13). Paul’s urgent request in 2 Tim. 4.13 could reflect a hasty departure from Troas under arrest. Ignatius, too, after sending three epistles from Troas, had to embark in haste for Neapolis, as a prisoner bound for Rome (Ep. a Policarpo 8), when weather conditions permitted.

The site of Troas in Daylan is now deserted, but there are remains of the port, the baths, the stadium and other buildings, and…

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