REPENTANCE – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

v. pain, sadness
Matt 3:8; Luk 3:8 therefore bring forth fruit worthy of a
Mat 3:11 Truly I baptize you with water to
Mark 1:4; Luk 3:3 preached baptism from a to
Luk 24:47 preach woe and forgiveness in his name
Act 5:31 give Israel woe forgiveness of sins
Act 11:18 to the Gentiles God has given to
Act 20:21 testifying .. about the to with
Act 26:20 to God, doing works worthy of a
Rom 2:4 not knowing that his kindness leads you to a?
2Co 7:9 but because you were grieved for a
2Co 7:10 sadness .. produces a for salvation
Heb 6:1 the foundation of the a of dead works
Heb 6:6 fell away, be renewed again for a
Heb 12:17 there was no chance for her, though
2Pe 3:9 perish, but all proceed to the a

Repentance (Heb. usually nâjam, “feel sorry”, “be sad”, “be consoled”; also nôjam, “repent”, and shûb, “return”, “return”; Gr. metanoéí‡, “change one’s mind”, “feel remorse”, “repent”, “convert”; and metanoia, “change of mind”, “repent”, “conversion”). As a theological term it is the act of forsaking sin, accepting God’s free gift of salvation, and entering into fellowship with God. True repentance involves a radical change in attitude toward sin and toward God. It is his generous kindness that leads men to repentance (Rom 2:4), operating in them “to want as well as to do” (Phi 2:13). It is preceded by the conviction of the Holy Spirit who impresses the heart of the sinner with the infinite justice of God and his lost condition (cf Isa 6:5; Act 2:37). Conviction is followed by contrition, and an inner recognition of our need for divine grace, coupled with a willingness to allow God to work his justice in our lives (cf. Psa 34:18; 51:17; Isa 57:15; 66). :two). Repentance is integrated into conversion and in it reaches its culmination (Acts 3:19). Repent is also used with the non-theological nuance of “change your mind”, “regret”. In this sense, it is spoken of God “repenting” of something (Gen 6:6; 1Sa 15:11; Jer 18:8; etc.). He does not change his purpose, but man, being morally free, can reverse the result of God’s intention.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

awareness of having fallen into error, in an unjust act, rejection of sin, purpose of correcting the fault, of repairing the damage caused. In a figurative sense, and, therefore, the text should not be interpreted literally, the Scripture says that God repents, as when seeing the corruption of man, he regrets having created him and wants to destroy him Gn 6, 6-7; God also repents when he appeases his anger and his threats against man cease Jr 18, 7-10; 26, 6-13. In Scripture there is so much talk of a. individual as well as collective; in the first case, the a. It was accompanied by external signs such as tearing one’s clothes, dressing in a sack, fasting, etc. 1 Kings 21, 27-29. The prophets emphasize to man that the a., rather than in external manifestations, implies circumcising the spirit Dt 10, 16, it consists of becoming a new heart, Jr 4, 4; Ez 18, 31.

In this same sense we find allusions in the NT to a., beginning with the preaching of the conversion of John the Baptist Mt 3, 8-10; Mark 1, 4; Lk 3, 8. Christ, like the prophets, demands interior purity, conversion because the Kingdom of God is near Mk 1, 15; Lk 13, 1-5; Jn 3, 5; it is necessary to become like a child to deserve the Kingdom of God Mt 18, 3; Mark 10, 15; Lk 18, 17. In the early years of Christianity, the apostles preach the a. which implies a change of life, conversion, Acts 3, 19; baptism must be accompanied by a., of conversion Acts 2, 38. Arsaces VI, or Mithridates I (171-138 BC), founder of the Parthian empire, took Media and Persia from Demetrius. ca. 140-139 BC C., the Seleucid Demetrius II mounts a counteroffensive in Iran, is defeated by the Parthians and imprisoned in Hyrcania 1 M 14, 2.

Digital Bible Dictionary, Grupo C Service & Design Ltda., Colombia, 2003

Source: Digital Bible Dictionary

(Heb., naham, to de-sist, subh, to become; Gr., metanoia, from meta, change, and noieo, exercise of the mind). It is the process by which one changes one’s mind or opinion. God is described as repenting (Exo 32:14; 1Sa 15:11; Jon 3: 9-10; Jon 4: 2, using naham), in the sense that he changed his attitude towards a people because of of a change within the town. God as perfect deity does not change in his essential nature, but he changes his relationship and attitude from wrath to mercy and from blessing to judgment, as the occasion requires. Human repentance is a change for the better, and is a conscious turning from evil or disobedience or sin or idolatry toward the living God (2Ki 17:13; Isa 19:22; Jer 3:12, Jer 3:14, Jer 3:22; Jon 3:10, using subh).

In the NT, repentance and faith are two sides of the same coin (Acts 20:21). They are a response to grace. Jesus preached the need for the Jews to repent (Mat 4:17), and required his apostles/disciples to preach repentance to both Jews and Gentiles (Luk 24:47; Act 2:38; Act 17:30). Repentance is a profound change of mind that involves changing the direction of life. The positive side of repentance is conversion, the genuine turning to God or Christ for grace.

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

Heartache for having sinned. It is essential for the forgiveness of sins.

– According to God, Ac 17:30.

– According to Jesus, Mat 4:17, Mat 18:3, Mark 1:15.

– According to the Baptist, Mat 3:2.

– According to the Apostles, Acts 2:38, Acts 20:21.

– There is joy in heaven for every sinner who repents, and Jesus came to call sinners to repentance, Luc 15:7-10, Mt:Luc 9:13.

– Repent “now”. Now is the time of salvation, Heb 3:7, Heb 4:7, Heb 3:15, 2Co 6:2, Ps 95:7-8, Pro 29:1.

– The “bad” are those who do not repent, not believing in Jesus, Mat 21:32.

– They are not moved even by miracles, not even if they see a dead person rise from the dead, Luk 16:31, Jua 11:53.

– They let the time allowed for repentance pass, Rev 2:21.

– Reprobated for not having believed seeing miracles, Mat 11:20-24, Rev 2:5-16.

– Denied to apostates. Hebrews 6:4-6.

Forgiveness of Sins: Five conditions.

– Examination of Conscience, by the work of the Holy Spirit, Jua 16:8-11.

– Heartache. Repent of having committed sin, and of not believing and trusting in Christ.

(Feeling very sorry not to go on the real train).

– Make amends, change your life.

(Catch the real train). Matt 18:3.

– Confess the sin to the priest of Christ, Jua 20:23, so that he gives absolution, forgives it, or does not forgive it, if he does not see repentance and purpose to amend. It’s like asking for the real train ticket.

– Fulfill the penance ordered by the priest: (it is to pay the ticket of the new train that we take). Luke 13:3, Luke 13:5. Children do not need to repent, because they did not sin willfully. With baptism they forgive the “original sin”, of inheritance, by the parents. The Bible never says that children cannot be baptized, nor be Christians, on the contrary: Baptize everyone, Mat 28:19, Acts 16:Ac 156:33. If in your church there is no power to baptize a child, it is because it is a church without power, it is not the Church of Christ.

Christian Bible Dictionary
Dr. J. Dominguez

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

The Hebrew term naham, which is used a lot in the OT, meant feeling sorry for something with such force that it leads to a change of attitude towards the object of feeling sorry for. In that sense, God † œrepented… of having made man on earth, and it pained him in his heart †, for which he decided to make judgment in the time of † ¢ Noah (Gen 6: 5-7). God can also desist from some announced judgment. Thus, at the incident of the golden calf, through the intercession of Moses † œJehovah repented of the evil he said he would do to his people † (Exo 32:14). On many occasions God has repented of making judgment, but he warns that the day may come when he says: “I am tired of repenting” (Jer 15: 6). However, the Lord never repents in order not to fulfill the promises of blessing that he makes, since he “is not a man that he should lie, nor a son of man that he should repent” (Num 23:19; Deu 32:36; 1Sa 15 :29), “for the gifts and calling of God are irrevocable” (Rom 11:29).

In various places in the OT the term is also used to refer to a. of man, or of the nation, for sins committed. Almost always put the a. as a condition of the promises of blessing. Thus, if the people repent “…in the midst of all the nations where the LORD your God has driven you…then the LORD will bring back your captives” (Deu 30:1-3). When there was a civil war among the Israelites and many of the tribe of Benjamin were killed, “the sons of Israel repented because of it,” seeing that that tribe was going to disappear. They decided, therefore, to find a solution so that this would not happen (Judges 21:6-7). Also Job, when he received God’s revelation “out of a whirlwind”, said to the Lord: “I repent in dust and ashes” (Job 38:1; Job 42:6). In all these cases cited, the heartache for the acts committed is present. But the real a. it goes further, since he proceeds immediately to a change of attitude, as can be seen in the admonition of Eze 14: 6 († œThus says the Lord God: Convert, and turn from your idols… †).
Greek terms used in the NT point to the idea of ​​”turning from something and turning to something else”, in the religious sense. The noun metanoia is used, which means a change of mind with a consequent modification of behavior. In that form the word is used in Mat 3:8 : “Bring forth therefore fruits worthy of a.†, or in Acts 11:18 : “So God has also given to the Gentiles a. for life† . The verb “repent” is metanoeö, widely used in the NT, as in Mar 1:15 : “Repent, and believe the gospel”, or in Luke 15:7 : “There will be more joy in heaven over a sinner who repent…† But the New Testament emphasis, without excluding the idea of ​​sorrow for sin, is placed on the act of the will that bows or decides to change, to turn towards God. Judas, for example, “repentantly returned the thirty pieces of silver,” but his a. It did not lead him to the determination to turn to God, but to suicide.
way that he it becomes the act of man by which he feels pain and sorrow for the sins committed against God, confesses them, and decides to turn completely towards him to place himself under his lordship. The A. it forms a fundamental part of Christian doctrine (Heb 6:1). This was the central message of John the Baptist: “Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matt 3:2). And with those same words began the ministry of the Lord Jesus (Mat 4:17), who came to call sinners to a., For those who believe they are righteous…

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