INERRANCY – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

Absence of doctrinal errors in a document, in an ecclesial action, in a liturgy or in a moral or doctrinal teaching. It is parallel, not synonymous, to inerrancy, which is the inability to err. Inerrancy is the concrete fact of having error.

Pedro Chico González, Dictionary of Catechesis and Religious Pedagogy, Editorial Bruño, Lima, Peru 2006

Source: Dictionary of Catechesis and Religious Pedagogy

(v. Scripture)

(ESQUERDA BIFET, Juan, Dictionary of Evangelization, BAC, Madrid, 1998)

Source: Dictionary of Evangelization

Term that appears in the theological theme of the inspiration of Scripture. Since God is the author of the sacred text, it is evident that error cannot be present in it. By inerrancy is meant, of itself, the absence of formal error in Scripture. His presupposition is the veracity of Scripture, which expresses full conformity with the truth. In the Magisterium of the Church, the inerrancy of Scripture is always spoken of in reference to the original text of the Bible, but it can be thought that its presence is also deduced in the other versions, to the extent that they faithfully reproduce the original text.

The theme of inerrancy has been the subject of strong debates and theological criticism in recent decades, especially due to the new hermeneutical methodologies that have been assumed in the understanding of Scripture. broader truth, which finds its foundation in the globality of the Word of God, as well as a deeper understanding of the very nature of the sacred text.To these elements must be added a renewed way of relating theology and biblical sciences with the other sciences.

The Second Vatican Council, in the dogmatic constitution Dei Verbum, after discussions that lasted throughout the council, preferred to abandon this terminology, which was too oriented towards the understanding of an abstract truth, preferring to recover the theme in its positive aspect. The text affirms: “As everything that the inspired authors or hagiographers affirm must be taken as affirmed by the Holy Spirit, ha. and to confess that the books of the Scripture teach firmly, with fidelity and without error, the truth that God wanted to be consigned in the sacred letters for our salvation” (DV 11). With this text the dispute over inerrancy is put to an end and it is affirmed that the truth of Scripture refers to everything that concerns the salvation of man and creation.

R. Fisichella

Bibl.: K. Rahner, Inspiration of the Holy Scripture, Herder, Barcelona 1970; T. Citrini, Scripture, Truth (inerrancy) of the, in NDTB. 539-543: L. Alonso Schokel, Comments to the “Dei Verbum” Univ. of Deusto, Bilbao 1990; R, Fisicheila, The revelation: Event and credibility, Follow me, Salamanca 1989, 143-172: A. Artola – J. M, Sánchez Caro, Introduction to the study of the Bible. 11. Bible and Word of God, Verbo Divino, Estella 41995, 215-237.

PACOMIO, Luciano, Encyclopedic Theological Dictionary, Divine Word, Navarra, 1995

Source: Encyclopedic Theological Dictionary

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