H1129 – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

Strong’s Dictionary



primary root; to build (lit and figuratively): mason, masonry, lay foundations, build, builder, build, building, fabricate, fortify, make, have a son, work, raise, master, work, lay, improve, rebuild, repair, restore, restore .


Chavez Dictionary

(II) בנה NIFAL:

Although this verb is usually translated as “to be built” because of its Qal association with the object “house”, it could well be a denominative verb derived from the word בֵּן, “son”, meaning “to have children” or “to be blessed”. with the birth of children” (Gen 16:2). — Impf. אִבָּנֶה.

— (AR) בנה PEAL:

Build (Dan. 4:27/Dan 4:30). — Perf. 3 Sing.suf. בְּנָהִי, 1 Sing.suf. בֱּנַיְתַּהּ, 3 Pl. בְּנוֹ; Impf.pl. יִבְנוֹן; Inf. מִבְנֵה, לִבְּנֵא; Part.pl. בָּנַיִן; Pass. בְּנֵה.


To be built, to be rebuilt (Ezra 4:13). — Impf. יִתְבְּנֵא; Part. מִתְבְנֵה.


Vine AT Dictionary

banah (בָּנָה, H1129), “build, establish, build, rebuild.” This root is found in all Semitic languages ​​except Ethiopic and in all periods of Hebrew. In the Bible, it is found some 375 times in the Hebrew and 23 times in the Aramaic.

With its basic meaning, banah appears in Gen 8:20, where Noah is said to have “built” an altar (LVP). In Gen 4:17, banah means not only that Enoch “built” a city, but that he “founded” or “established” it. The verb can also have the meaning of “manufacture”, as in Eze 27:5 : “All your boards have been made from the cypresses of Senir” (LBA). In a similar sense, we read that God “made” (KJV) or “formed” (LBA) Eve from Adam’s rib (Gen 2:22: the first time she appears). Something similar appears in 1 Kings 15:22 where Asa began to “fortify” the cities of Geba and Mizpah (LBA). In each case, the verb connotes that a new object is “formed” by adding to existing material.

Banah can refer to the “rebuilding” of something that was destroyed. Joshua cursed whoever rose up to rebuild Jericho, the city that God totally destroyed (Joshua 6:26).

The verb banah has metaphorical uses: for example, “to build a house” means to have children. Sarai said to Abram, “I beg you to come in to my servant; Perhaps I will have children by her” (Gen 16:2 KJV). When a man died childless, the closest male relative had the duty to conceive a child with the widowed woman (Deu 25:9); in this way he helped to “build the house” of his deceased relative. Also in a figurative sense, “to build a house” can mean “to found a dynasty” (2Sa 7:27).

Source: Various Authors

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