GARDEN – Encyclopedic Dictionary of Bible and Theology

Gen 2:8 and the Lord God planted a h in Eden, at
Gen 3:23 Jehovah brought him out of Eden, that he
Deu 11:10 you watered with your foot, as h of vegetable
It’s 4:12 pm closed you are, my sister, my wife
Son 5:1 I came to my h, oh sister, my wife
It’s 8:13 you who dwell in the h, the companions
Isa 1:29 then .. they will dishonor those you have chosen
Isa 51:3 will change .. your solitude in h of Jehovah
Isa 58:11 as a watering h, and as a spring of
Isa 61:11 as the h causes its seed to sprout, so
Jer 29:5 plant h, and eat their fruit
Jer 31:12 his soul shall be like an irrigation, and never
Eze 28:13 in Eden, in the h of God you were
Eze 31:8 cedars did not cover him in the h of God
Eze 36:35 this .. has become as h of Eden
Joh 18:1 where there was an h, into which he entered with
Joh 18:26 said to him, Did I not see you in the h with him?
Joh 19:41 a h, and in the h a new tomb

Garden (heb. gan, gannâh, ginnâh; gr. kepos). The 1st mentioned in the Bible is the Garden of Eden (Gen 2:8, 15, etc.), designed and planted by God for man, but he lost it because of sin. Gardens in the OT were mostly fruit trees (Jer 29:5, 28; Amo 9:14). Some of them had a well (Son 4:15), others were closed with a wall or hedge (4:12; Isa 5:2, 5), and there were those who had a cabin for a watchman (Isa 1 :8). They were also associated with palatial residences (2Ki 25:4; Es 1:5; Jer 39:4), and some kings were buried in the garden of their palace (2Ki 21:18, 26). In Ecc 2:5 a garden (Heb. pardês, “park”, “foresta”, “orchard”) is mentioned, whose Hebrew term appears this only time. 266. Site of the biblical “King’s Garden” (foreground) in the lower Kidron Valley, southeast of Jerusalem. The NT mentions Gethsemane, which appears to have been an olive grove. There Jesus used to retire to meditate and pray, and there he was arrested (John 18: 1, 26). And in 568 a garden buried him (19:41; cf 20:15). See Eden 1; Paradise.

Source: Evangelical Bible Dictionary

(Heb., gan, gannah, a covered or hidden place; Gr., kepos).

A portion of cultivated land, usually in the suburbs, planted with flowers, vegetables, shrubs, or trees, enclosed with a wall of mud or stone (Pro 24:31) or thorny fences (Isa 5:5), and guarded by a guardian in a hut (Isa 1:8) or tower (Mar 12:1) to drive away wild animals and thieves.

The Hebrews used orchards as burial places (Gen 23:17; 2Ki 21:18, 2Ki 21:26). The Garden of Gethsemane was a favorite refuge for Jesus to meditate and pray (Mat 26:36; Joh 18:1-2). During the idolatrous periods, gardens were scenes of superstition and image worship, the terrible counterpart of early Eden (Isa 1:29; Isa 65:3; Isa 66:17). The new paradise recovered by God’s people (Rev 22:1-5) more fully suggests the old paradise planted by God but lost by sin (Gen 2:8).

The believer is a garden watered by the Holy Spirit (Isa 1:30; Isa 58:11; Jer 2:13; Jer 17:7-8; Jer 31:12; Joh 4:13-14; Joh 7:37- 39).

Source: Hispanic World Bible Dictionary

(small land, where vegetables, legumes and fruit trees are grown).

– That of Eden, of Adam and Eve, and that of the Celestial Jerusalem, Gen 2:15, Gen 3:23, Rev 22:1-5.

– The one in Gethsemane, Joh 18:1, Joh 18:26.

– Where they buried Jesus, Joh 19:41.

– The orchard or garden of God, Eze 28:13.

– Yahweh’s, Gen 13:10, Isa 51:3.

Christian Bible Dictionary
Dr. J. Dominguez

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

Portion of land, generally small, dedicated to the cultivation of fruits. After their nomadic life, the sons of Jacob came to live in Egypt for several centuries, witnessing agricultural customs there, which included the use of the waters of the Nile to irrigate large areas of land, but also small h. in which they produced “cucumbers, melons, leeks, onions and garlic…† which they later wanted to eat when they wandered in the desert after the exodus (Num 11:5). God warned them that the Promised Land was not “like the land of Egypt … where you sowed your seed, and watered it with your foot, like a vegetable garden,” since Canaan depended on the rain (Deu 11:10-11). The Israelites made their h. also. Irrigation was not as abundant as in Egypt, but they were always cultivated in the vicinity of some water source. If it could not be carried through channels to the h., then it was loaded to water the plants. A fence was usually put up around the h. (Can 4:12) and a shelter was built within them (Lam 2:6).

The royal palaces and the houses of wealthy people had their h. † ¢ Ahab asked † ¢ Naboth to sell him his vineyard to turn it into a † œun h. vegetables †, because it was near his palace (1Ki 21:2). There was a big h. in the palace of king †¢Ahasuerus (Est 1:5). Sometimes h. as a burial place, as was the case of †¢Manasseh, who †œwas buried in h. of his house, in h. from †¢Uzzah† (2Ki 21:18). †¢Joseph of Arimathea had built a tomb in an hour, where the Lord Jesus was later buried (Jua 19:41). The Lord used to meet, rest and pray in the h. of †¢Gethsemane (John 18:1).
figure of h. It speaks of a place of fruitfulness, abundance, comfort and happiness. That is why it is used about nine times in Songs (Can 4:12, Can 4:15-16; Can 5:1; Can 6:2, Can 6:11; Can 8:13). “Jehovah God planted a h. in Eden…and put there the man whom he had formed † (Gen 2:8). That idea is underlined in Isaiah, where it is said that the man who pleases God will be “as h. irrigation† (Isa 58:11). Also in Jer 31:12, for the soul of the redeemed †œshall be as h. of irrigation† in the messianic age. That is why Revelation ends with the vision of a “pure river of water of life” and “the tree of life, bearing twelve fruits…and the leaves of the tree were for the healing of the nations” (Rev 22:1- two).

Source: Christian Bible Dictionary

type, CONS

vet, The first garden or park mentioned in the Bible is that of Eden, which God created for the still innocent man (Gen. 2:8-3:24; Ez. 28:13; 31:8, 9). In Egypt, gardens were irrigated (Dt. 11:10) with water from the Nile, stored in reservoirs and diverted to irrigation canals by means of a waterwheel or endless chain provided with buckets, and kept in motion with a foot. . By opening or closing gates, it was possible to irrigate the desired area. Irrigation was also practiced in Palestine (Ecc. 2:6; Isa. 58:11; Jer. 31:12). In the gardens there were cultivated plants (1 Kings 21:2), lilies and other flowers (Song 5:1; 6:2), fruit trees (Jer. 29:5, 28; Am. 9:14). The Garden of Gethsemane was apparently an olive grove with an oil press. Jerusalem had a royal garden (2 Kings 25:4), as did Etam near Bethlehem (Ant. 8:7, 3; Song 6:11; Ecc. 2:5). The royal palace at Susa included a garden (Esther 1:5). In order to protect the gardens against looters, they were surrounded by a wall or fence (Song 4:12; Isa 5:2, 5); sometimes there was a watchman in a booth in the garden (Isa. 1:8). People strolled through the refreshing retreat of the garden (Susannah 1:7), and sometimes bathed (v. 15) and settled down for a meal (Esther 1:5), prayed there (Mt. 26:36). In them idolatrous rites were practiced privately (Is. 1:29; 65:3; 66:17; cf. 2 Kings 16:4), and sometimes the dead were buried in them (Jn. 19:41).

Source: New Illustrated Bible Dictionary

kepos (kh`po”, 2779), orchard. He appears in Luk 13:19, in one of the Lord’s parables; in Joh 18:1,26, from the Garden of Gethsemane; at 9.41, from the garden near the place of the Lord’s crucifixion.¶ osteon (ojstevon, 3747), probably from a word meaning strength, or firmness. Sometimes denotes other hard substances apart from the bones themselves, as in Castilian of the bones or seeds of fruits, such as plums, etc. In the NT it always means bones in its proper sense (Mat 23:27; Luk 24:39; Joh 19:36; Eph 5:30, TR; Heb 11:22).¶

Source: Vine New Testament Dictionary

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